How to Use UTM Tags – Meaning Of UTM Tags

What are UTM tags/parameters?

Utm tags are url parameters which help Google Analytics understand origin of the session. There are five UTM tags which communicate with Google Analytics to provide information about origin of session. Campaign managers and marketers use these use these parameters in clickthrough URLs of marketing campaigns  to pass this information. For example a properly UTM tagged URL will look like this.

http://theniks.com/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=googleAnalytics&utm_content=GATraining&utm_term=google%20analytics%20tutorial

So what does this URL communicate to Google Analytics?

In layman terms these parameters answer 4 questions which are utmost important to any marketer, these questions are Where? How?  What? Why?

What is meaning of UTM tags?

UTM_source:

This parameter should ideally represent is source website / ad network where user clicked link and landed your website, this answers question of from where user visited your website. For above example utm_source is google which means the user clicked on link google.com.

UTM_medium

This parameter answers how the session was generated, for example in the example above the session was generated from cpc (cost per click)

UTM_campaign

UTM_campaign answers what campaign generated the session which in the example above is campaign name called googleAnalytics.

UTM_content

UTM_campaign answers what creative generated this session which in the example above is creative about Google Analytics Training.

UTM_term

UTM_term answers why this session was generated , what was intent of the this session usually represented by keyword on paid search networks. In example above keyword in question is “Google Analytics Tutorial” where space is replaced by %20 as automatically as encoded character for space.

Where do you find UTM parameters in google analytics reporting?

Inputs gathered from UTM parameters are reported under “Acquisition>All Traffic> Source/Medium” section of Google Analytics reporting as screenshot below.

UTM parameters
UTM parameter reporting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As shown in the screeenshot above utm_source is represented as source in reporting interface, utm_medium as medium, utm_term as keyword utm_campaign as campaign and utm_content as ad content

building UTM URLs can be quite a daunting task especially if you are running several marketing campaigns and even for relatively small marketing organisation keeping track of all UTM urls and maintaining database for the same is practically impossible and to overcome this challenge, I use Google Analytics UTM builder a google spreadsheet addon.

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AuthorNIkhil Parachure

Nikhil is nothing short of "Swiss Knife of Digital Marketing" over the course of last 10 years he has been involved in practically every facet of Digital Marketing and Analytics. Starting career with paid search Nikhil has built and managed award winning digital campaigns, has been Google Adwords Top Contributor, Planned and implemented several complex and large scale web and mobile analytics implementations. Currently working for a leading ecommerce platform in India as Head of Digital Marketing Nikhil has also conducted analytics and marketing trainings for several MNCs.

One thought on “How to Use UTM Tags – Meaning Of UTM Tags

  1. wow..you explained well..i come to know new thing on your blog..thank you

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